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States, Rivers and Maps

The Himalayan River Basins in India comprise of the Ganga, Indus, Brahmaputra river basins and are the source of 19 major rivers. In India, these river basins spread across 12 states and one UT in the hills and 10 states in the plains. These basins are transboundary in nature.


Hill states and UT J and K, Ladakh, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura.

States in the Plains Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chattisgarh and Jharkhand. These river basins support millions of people in the hills and the plains. The Himalaya are a megacentre of biodiversity, culture, spirituality and indigenous peoples, with landscapes considered as sacred and who have for centuries lived with nature. Over the past few decades these rivers are under threat affecting the lives, livelihoods and health of the people. Main threats to the rivers include dams and other developmental works, landslides, deforestation on catchment areas, encroachment of flood plains, over-extraction of water, water pollution, plastic pollution, unsustainable tourism and sand mining. Stretches of major rivers are now dry and small streams and springs have disappeared. Biodiversity loss is leading to disruption of the food chain, which in turn can lead to zoonotic diseases, wherein viruses jump from animals to humans, with potential to cause new disease, even pandemics. The most recent threat to these basins arises from climate change, leading to accelerated glacier melting, cloudbursts and other extreme weather events. The human cost of all this is loss of live, property, livelihood, displacement and distress migration. The past few decades has also witnessed a distancing of humans from water resources. Rivers are a critical part of the natural ecosystem. Ecosystem health is essential for quality of life, peace and security. Water literacy, especially around rivers is needed to link people with rivers, so that the informed and necessary action and behavior change can be taken. It is with this in mind that the IHRBC was formed on August 22, 2021.    

Rivers: Indus, Sutlej, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Beas, Shylok, Zanskar, Galwan

Rivers: Siang, Dibang, Lohit, Brahmaputra, Teesta

Rivers: Ganga, Alaknanda, Dhauliganga, Nandakini, Pindar, Mandakini, Bhagirathi, Yamuna, Gomti, Ghagra, Son, Gandak, Chambal, Betwa




Jammu and Kashmir 

Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlej, Tawi, Indus 

Map 1 | Map 2


Indus, Zanskar, Shyok, Tsarap, Sindhu 

Yamuna, Bhagirathi, Alaknanda, Ganga, Mandakini, Ramganga, Tons

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3 | Map 4


Himachal Pradesh Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Yamuna, Tons 

Map 1 | Map 2

Bhagirathi – Hugli, Mahananda, Teesta and the Jaldhakha 


Subansiri, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kopili, Dhaltewari, Barak, Dhaleswari, Barak, Kameng, Brahmaputra, Kameng 

Map 1 | Map2


Ganol, Daring, Sanda, Bandra, Bugai, Dareng, Simsang, Nitai Bhupai 


Tlawng, Tiau, Chhimtuipui, Khawthlangtuipui, Tuichawg, Tuirial, Mat, Tuipui, Serlu, Tuirini, Teirei, Tuivawl 


Doyang, Dikhu, Dhansiri, Tizu, Milak, Dzu, Langlong, Zungki, Likimro, Lanye and Dzuza 


Imphal, Iril, Thoubal, Khuga, Tuitha 


Burima, Gomati, kKhowai, Haora, Longai, Dhalai, Muhuri, Feni, Juri, Manu 


Teesta, Lachung, Chakung, Rangpo, Rangit, Rangyoung 

Map 1 | Map 2

Arunachal Pradesh 

Subansiri, Tirap, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kameng 





Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Jhelum, Chenab, Ghaggar 

Map 1 | Map 2


Yamuna, Ghaggar 

Map 1 | Map 2

Uttar Pradesh 

Ganga, Chambal, Dhasan, Gandak, Ghagra, Gomti, Ken, Ramganga, Son, Tons, Yamuna 

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3

Ganga, Ghagra/Saryu, Bagmati, Gandak, Kamla, Mahananda, Sone, Kosi, Punpun, Phalgu, Karmanasa 

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3


Yamuna, Sahibi 

Madhya Pradesh 

Betwa, Chambal, Dhasan, Ken, Parbati, Son, Tons 


Chambal, Luni, Ghaggar, Kali, Banas, Banganga, Parvati, Gambhiri, Kakni, Jokham,Katli, Sabi and Mantha 


Son, Ganga 

Map 1 | Map 2


Ganga, Jumar, Ajay N, Son, Harmu, Pot Poto 

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3

North east states