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States, Rivers and Maps

The Himalayan River Basins in India comprise of the Ganga, Indus, Brahmaputra river basins and are the source of 19 major rivers. In India, these river basins spread across 12 states and one UT in the hills and 10 states in the plains. These basins are transboundary in nature.

 

Hill states and UT J and K, Ladakh, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura.

States in the Plains Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chattisgarh and Jharkhand. These river basins support millions of people in the hills and the plains. The Himalaya are a megacentre of biodiversity, culture, spirituality and indigenous peoples, with landscapes considered as sacred and who have for centuries lived with nature. Over the past few decades these rivers are under threat affecting the lives, livelihoods and health of the people. Main threats to the rivers include dams and other developmental works, landslides, deforestation on catchment areas, encroachment of flood plains, over-extraction of water, water pollution, plastic pollution, unsustainable tourism and sand mining. Stretches of major rivers are now dry and small streams and springs have disappeared. Biodiversity loss is leading to disruption of the food chain, which in turn can lead to zoonotic diseases, wherein viruses jump from animals to humans, with potential to cause new disease, even pandemics. The most recent threat to these basins arises from climate change, leading to accelerated glacier melting, cloudbursts and other extreme weather events. The human cost of all this is loss of live, property, livelihood, displacement and distress migration. The past few decades has also witnessed a distancing of humans from water resources. Rivers are a critical part of the natural ecosystem. Ecosystem health is essential for quality of life, peace and security. Water literacy, especially around rivers is needed to link people with rivers, so that the informed and necessary action and behavior change can be taken. It is with this in mind that the IHRBC was formed on August 22, 2021.    

INDUS BASIN
Rivers: Indus, Sutlej, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Beas, Shylok, Zanskar, Galwan

BRAHMAPUTRA BASIN
Rivers: Siang, Dibang, Lohit, Brahmaputra, Teesta

GANGA BASIN
Rivers: Ganga, Alaknanda, Dhauliganga, Nandakini, Pindar, Mandakini, Bhagirathi, Yamuna, Gomti, Ghagra, Son, Gandak, Chambal, Betwa

States

Rivers

Maps

Jammu and Kashmir 

Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlej, Tawi, Indus 

Map 1 | Map 2

Ladakh 

Indus, Zanskar, Shyok, Tsarap, Sindhu 

Yamuna, Bhagirathi, Alaknanda, Ganga, Mandakini, Ramganga, Tons

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3 | Map 4

Himachal

Himachal Pradesh Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Yamuna, Tons 

Map 1 | Map 2

Bhagirathi – Hugli, Mahananda, Teesta and the Jaldhakha 

Assam 

Subansiri, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kopili, Dhaltewari, Barak, Dhaleswari, Barak, Kameng, Brahmaputra, Kameng 

Map 1 | Map2

Meghalaya 

Ganol, Daring, Sanda, Bandra, Bugai, Dareng, Simsang, Nitai Bhupai 

Mizoram

Tlawng, Tiau, Chhimtuipui, Khawthlangtuipui, Tuichawg, Tuirial, Mat, Tuipui, Serlu, Tuirini, Teirei, Tuivawl 

Nagaland 

Doyang, Dikhu, Dhansiri, Tizu, Milak, Dzu, Langlong, Zungki, Likimro, Lanye and Dzuza 

Manipur 

Imphal, Iril, Thoubal, Khuga, Tuitha 

Tripura 

Burima, Gomati, kKhowai, Haora, Longai, Dhalai, Muhuri, Feni, Juri, Manu 

Sikkim 

Teesta, Lachung, Chakung, Rangpo, Rangit, Rangyoung 

Map 1 | Map 2

Arunachal Pradesh 

Subansiri, Tirap, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kameng 

States

Rivers

Maps

Punjab 

Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Jhelum, Chenab, Ghaggar 

Map 1 | Map 2

Haryana 

Yamuna, Ghaggar 

Map 1 | Map 2

Uttar Pradesh 

Ganga, Chambal, Dhasan, Gandak, Ghagra, Gomti, Ken, Ramganga, Son, Tons, Yamuna 

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3

Ganga, Ghagra/Saryu, Bagmati, Gandak, Kamla, Mahananda, Sone, Kosi, Punpun, Phalgu, Karmanasa 

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3

Delhi 

Yamuna, Sahibi 

Madhya Pradesh 

Betwa, Chambal, Dhasan, Ken, Parbati, Son, Tons 

Rajasthan 

Chambal, Luni, Ghaggar, Kali, Banas, Banganga, Parvati, Gambhiri, Kakni, Jokham,Katli, Sabi and Mantha 

Chhattisgarh 

Son, Ganga 

Map 1 | Map 2

Jharkhand 

Ganga, Jumar, Ajay N, Son, Harmu, Pot Poto 

Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3

North east states